大师网-带你快速走向大师之路 解决你在学习过程中的疑惑,带你快速进入大师之门。节省时间,提升效率

10天掌握英语语法-Day 6

先从简单的说起。

深入灵魂的问题4:什么是定语??

答:修饰和限定名词或者代词的成分。





你们要是把定语跟形容词划等号我也不拦着~

毕竟大部分情况下是酱紫。

别的情况此处不展开啦~


接下来进入正文


先发问:

依据我给出的定语概念,小可爱们能不能推出神马是定语从句?

↓↓↓

so easy!

定语从句:修饰和限定名词或者代词的成分句子。

PS:定语从句肯定是要放在被修饰词后面的啦,不然头都要大了~

呐,表演给你们看:



定语从句内容详解


请根据上面的句子迅速回忆从句的两大特征:

1. 引导词

2. 从句为陈述语序

ok,收!回忆到这里就好,不用去想名词性从句,没半毛钱关系。

看这里:








重点解释下第三句,也就是whom这个引导词的用法。

作为宾格的时候,who和whom可以通用,当然which和that也可以通用。

比如酱紫:

People need friends who(whom) they can share secrets with.

I still remember the villa which (that) we stayed in for the summer vacation.

这两个句子的特点是从句中的谓语动词为词组,如果我们把词组中的介词提前到引导词前,那就只能是酱紫了:

People need friends with whom they can share secrets.

I still remember the villa in which we stayed for the summer vacation.

也就是介词提前的话,修饰人的时候只能用whom,修饰物的时候只能用which啦~

◆引导从句且在从句中做所有格whose(跟名词一起构成成分)



内心OS.:这两句中whose+ parents/whose+ leading actress一起构成主语,毕竟whose只能表示…的。


到这个地方为止,我把定语从句关系代词的内容都梳理完了~满满的干货啊有没有。快点赞评论!!不然哭给你们看!!

不过根据考点呢,有个非常重要的内容还是要补充说一下:

辣就是只用that的情况:

1.当先行词是everything,anything,nothing,all,none,few,little,some等不定代词时,或当先行词受every,any,all,some,no,little,few,much等词修饰时。如:HaveyousetdowneverythingthatMrLisaid?

2.当先行词被序数词修饰时。如:

ThefirstAmericanmoviethatIwatchedwastheTitanic.

3.当先行词有人又有物时。

如:When she came back from abroad, Lucy told us about the cities and the people thatshe had visited.

4.当先行词被形容词最高级修饰时。

如:This is the best movie that I have ever seen.

5.当先行词被thevery,theonly,thefirst/last等修饰时。如:Sheistheonlypersonthatunderstandsme.

6.当先行词前面有who,which等疑问代词时。如:Whoisthemanthatisstandinginfrontofthecrowd?

收~唉?你问我定语从句和同位语从句的区别??


下次说!!!


练习如下:(答案见明天首条评论噢)

1.Sorry, we don’t have the coat ________ you need.

A. what B. who C. whom D. which

2. Do you know the man ________ is sitting behind Nancy?

A. what B. which C. who D. whom

3. I have found some pictures of the most interesting places ________ you can visit during the winter holidays.

A. where B. which C. what D. that

4. That is the only thing ________ I bought from the supermarket.

A. which B. that C. what D. where

5. That is the poor boy ________ father died in a traffic accident last year.

A. who B. whom C. whose D. which