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ANR 产生原因以及原因分析

ANR:Application Not Responding,即应用无响应

ANR.png

官方给出的产生ANR一般有三种类型:
1:KeyDispatchTimeout(5 seconds) --主要类型
按键或触摸事件在特定时间内无响应
2:BroadcastTimeout(10 seconds)
BroadcastReceiver在特定时间内无法处理完成
3:ServiceTimeout(20 seconds) --小概率类型
Service在特定的时间内无法处理完成

粗略的来分会有两种情况导致ANR:
第一类:dispatchTimeout 输入事件分发超时,一般是由于主线程在5秒之内没有响应输入事件。
第二类:BroadcastReceiver没有在系统设定的时间内完成并返回。
再细分的话ANR可能是由主线程导致也可能是由非主线程导致:
由于主线程导致的情况:
1.在主线程做耗时网络访问
2.当有大量数据读写操作时,在主线程再请求数据读写
3.数据库操作(比如其他大数据量应用访问数据库导致数据库负载过重时)
4.硬件操作(比如Camera)
5.调用thread的join() / Sleep() / Wait() 或者等待locker的时候,造成线程block
6.Service binder数量达到上限
7.在system_server中发生WatchDog (ANRhttps://zhuanlan.zhihu.com/p/20488872)
8.Service耗时的操作大于15s,导致超时无响应,
9.初始化的数据和控件太多(不正确和低效率的初始化);
10.主线程中加载过大数据和图片;
11.远程传递数据过多或过大。
12.内存不足导致block在创建bitmap上
由于非主线程导致的情况:
1.非主线程持有lock,导致主线程等待lock超时
2.非主线程终止或者崩溃导致主线程一直等待
调查并解决ANR

  1. 首先分析log
  2. 从trace.txt文件查看调用stack.---$adb pull data/anr/traces.txt .
  3. 看代码
  4. 仔细查看ANR的成因(iowait?block?memoryleak?)

举例:
先看个LOG:

04-01 13:12:11.572 I/InputDispatcher( 220): Application is not responding:Window{2b263310com.android.email/com.android.email.activity.SplitScreenActivitypaused=false}.
5009.8ms since event, 5009.5ms since waitstarted
04-0113:12:11.572 I/WindowManager( 220): Input event
dispatching timedout sending
tocom.android.email/com.android.email.activity.SplitScreenActivity

04-01 13:12:14.123 I/Process( 220): Sending signal. PID: 21404 SIG: 3---发生ANR的时间和生成trace.txt的时间
04-01 13:12:14.123 I/dalvikvm(21404):threadid=4: reacting to 
signal 3 
……
04-0113:12:15.872 E/ActivityManager( 220): ANR in 
com.android.email(com.android.email/.activity.SplitScreenActivity)
04-0113:12:15.872 E/ActivityManager( 220): 
Reason:keyDispatchingTimedOut 
04-0113:12:15.872 E/ActivityManager( 220): Load: 8.68 / 8.37 / 8.53
04-0113:12:15.872 E/ActivityManager( 220): CPUusage from 4361ms to 699ms ago ----CPU在ANR发生前的使用情况

04-0113:12:15.872 E/ActivityManager( 220): 5.5%21404/com.android.email: 1.3% user + 4.1% kernel / faults:
10 minor
04-0113:12:15.872 E/ActivityManager( 220): 4.3%220/system_server: 2.7% user + 1.5% kernel / faults: 11
minor 2 major
04-0113:12:15.872 E/ActivityManager( 220): 0.9%52/spi_qsd.0: 0% user + 0.9% kernel
04-0113:12:15.872 E/ActivityManager( 220): 0.5%65/irq/170-cyttsp-: 0% user + 0.5% kernel
04-0113:12:15.872 E/ActivityManager( 220): 0.5%296/com.android.systemui: 0.5% user + 0% kernel
04-0113:12:15.872 E/ActivityManager( 220): 100%TOTAL: 4.8% user + 7.6% kernel + 87% iowait
04-0113:12:15.872 E/ActivityManager( 220): CPUusage from 3697ms to 4223ms later:-- ANR后CPU的使用量
04-0113:12:15.872 E/ActivityManager( 220): 25%21404/com.android.email: 25% user + 0% kernel / faults: 191 minor
04-0113:12:15.872 E/ActivityManager( 220): 16% 21603/__eas(par.hakan: 16% user + 0% kernel
04-0113:12:15.872 E/ActivityManager( 220): 7.2% 21406/GC: 7.2% user + 0% kernel
04-0113:12:15.872 E/ActivityManager( 220): 1.8% 21409/Compiler: 1.8% user + 0% kernel
04-0113:12:15.872 E/ActivityManager( 220): 5.5%220/system_server: 0% user + 5.5% kernel / faults: 1 minor
04-0113:12:15.872 E/ActivityManager( 220): 5.5% 263/InputDispatcher: 0% user + 5.5% kernel
04-0113:12:15.872 E/ActivityManager( 220): 32%TOTAL: 28% user + 3.7% kernel

从LOG可以看出ANR的类型,CPU的使用情况,如果CPU使用量接近100%,说明当前设备很忙,有可能是CPU饥饿导致了ANR
如果CPU使用量很少,说明主线程被BLOCK了
如果IOwait很高,说明ANR有可能是主线程在进行I/O操作造成的

下面是一个由于(Memoryleak/Thread leak)导致的ANR的traces.txt

11-1621:41:42.560 I/ActivityManager( 1190): ANR in process:android.process.acore (last in android.process.acore)
11-1621:41:42.560 I/ActivityManager( 1190): Annotation:keyDispatchingTimedOut
11-16 21:41:42.560 I/ActivityManager(1190): CPU usage:
11-16 21:41:42.560 I/ActivityManager( 1190):Load: 11.5 / 11.1 / 11.09
11-16 21:41:42.560 I/ActivityManager(1190): CPU usage from 9046ms to 4018ms ago:
11-16 21:41:42.560I/ActivityManager( 1190): d.process.acore:98%= 97% user + 0% kernel / faults: 1134 minor
11-16 21:41:42.560I/ActivityManager( 1190): system_server: 0% = 0% user + 0% kernel /faults: 1 minor
11-16 21:41:42.560 I/ActivityManager( 1190): adbd:0% = 0% user + 0% kernel
11-16 21:41:42.560 I/ActivityManager(1190): logcat: 0% = 0% user + 0% kernel
11-16 21:41:42.560I/ActivityManager( 1190): TOTAL:100% = 98% user + 1% kernel

Cmdline: android.process.acore

DALVIK THREADS:
"main"prio=5 tid=3 VMWAIT
|group="main" sCount=1 dsCount=0 s=N obj=0x40026240self=0xbda8
| sysTid=1815 nice=0 sched=0/0 cgrp=unknownhandle=-1344001376
atdalvik.system.VMRuntime.trackExternalAllocation(NativeMethod)
atandroid.graphics.Bitmap.nativeCreate(Native Method)
atandroid.graphics.Bitmap.createBitmap(Bitmap.java:468)
atandroid.view.View.buildDrawingCache(View.java:6324)
atandroid.view.View.getDrawingCache(View.java:6178)
atandroid.view.ViewGroup.drawChild(ViewGroup.java:1541)
……
atcom.android.internal.policy.impl.PhoneWindow$DecorView.draw(PhoneWindow.java:1830)
atandroid.view.ViewRoot.draw(ViewRoot.java:1349)
atandroid.view.ViewRoot.performTraversals(ViewRoot.java:1114)
atandroid.view.ViewRoot.handleMessage(ViewRoot.java:1633)
atandroid.os.Handler.dispatchMessage(Handler.java:99)
atandroid.os.Looper.loop(Looper.java:123)
atandroid.app.ActivityThread.main(ActivityThread.java:4370)
atjava.lang.reflect.Method.invokeNative(Native Method)
atjava.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:521)
atcom.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit$MethodAndArgsCaller.run(ZygoteInit.java:868)
atcom.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit.main(ZygoteInit.java:626)
atdalvik.system.NativeStart.main(Native Method)

"Thread-408"prio=5 tid=329 WAIT
|group="main" sCount=1 dsCount=0 s=N obj=0x46910d40self=0xcd0548
| sysTid=10602 nice=0 sched=0/0 cgrp=unknownhandle=15470792
at java.lang.Object.wait(Native Method)
-waiting on <0x468cd420> (a java.lang.Object)
atjava.lang.Object.wait(Object.java:288)
atcom.android.dialer.CallLogContentHelper$UiUpdaterExecutor$1.run(CallLogContentHelper.java:289)
atjava.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:1096)

分析:

atdalvik.system.VMRuntime.trackExternalAllocation(NativeMethod)内存不足导致block在创建bitmap上
**MEMINFO in pid 1360 [android.process.acore] **
native dalvik other total
size: 17036 23111 N/A 40147
allocated: 16484 20675 N/A 37159
free: 296 2436 N/A 2732
解决:如果机器的内存族,可以修改虚拟机的内存为36M或更大,不过最好是复查代码,查看哪些内存没有释放

参考:
http://www.cnblogs.com/purediy/p/3225060.html
http://blog.csdn.net/woaiheima/article/details/62038419