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如何用VUE写一个多用模态框组件模版

对于新手们来说,如何写一个可以多用的组件,还是有点难度的,组件如何重用,如何传值这些在实际使用中,是多少会存在一些障碍的,所以今天特意写一个最常用的模态框组件提供给大家,希望能帮助到您!


懒癌患者直接复制粘贴即可

Modal.vue组件

<template>
    <!-- 过渡动画 -->
    <transition name="modal-fade">
        <!-- 关闭模态框事件 和 控制模态框是否显示 -->
        <div class="modal-backdrop"  @click="$emit('closeModal')" v-show="show">
            <div class="modal">
                <img class="img" :src="imgadress" alt="">
                <div class="modal-body" id="modalDescription">
                    <li></li>
                    <!-- 状态提示文字的插槽 -->
                    <slot name="status">{{statusText}}</slot>
                    <li></li>
                </div>
                <!-- 模态框内容文字 可有可无 -->
                <div class="modal-content" v-if="contentText">
                    {{contentText}}
                    <span v-if="IDList" v-for="item in IDList" :key="item.id">{{item.payMoney}}
                        <i>{{item.yuan}}</i>
                    </span>
                </div>
                <ul>
                    <!-- 模态框按钮  可选单个确定按钮 和 两个确定、取消按钮 -->
                    <!-- 单个确定按钮 -->
                    <li v-if="alert" :class="buttonBackground" @click.stop="$emit('button')">确定</li>
                    <!-- 确定和取消按钮 -->
                    <li v-else class="confirm">
                        <div>取消</div>
                        <div :class="buttonBackground" @click.stop="$emit('confirm')">{{sure}}</div>
                    </li>
                </ul>
            </div>
        </div>
    </transition>
</template>
<script>
export default {
    name:'modal',
    // 通过 props 传值
    props: {
        imgadress:String,
        title:String,  //标题文字
        show:{      //显示取消
            type:Boolean,
            default:false
        },
        statusText:String,   //状态文字
        contentText:String,   //描述文字
        IDList:Array,   //ID 列表
        payMoney:Number,
        yuan:String,
        buttonBackground:String, //按钮背景色
        alert:String,   //判断一个还是两个按钮
        sure:String, //第二个按钮的提示文字
        
    },
    data(){
        return{
            closemodal:"close",
            // isModalVisible:false,
            // 确定和取消按钮的两种颜色
            red:'redBackground',
            blue:'blueBackground'
        }
    },
    methods:{
        // 关闭模态框事件
        close(){
            this.$emit('close')
        },
    }
}
</script>
<style lang="scss" scoped> 
.modal-backdrop {
    position: fixed; 
    top: 0; 
    right: 0; 
    bottom: 0; 
    left: 0; 
    background-color: rgba(0,0,0,.3); 
    display: flex; 
    justify-content: center; 
    align-items: center;
    z-index: 12;
    .modal { 
        background-color: #fff; 
        box-shadow: 2px 2px 20px 1px; 
        overflow-x:auto; 
        display: flex; 
        flex-direction: column; 
        width: 11.8rem;
        position: relative;
        border-radius: 0.2rem;
        .img{
            width: 3.6rem;
            height: 3.6rem;
            margin: 0.8rem 4.1rem;
        }
        .modal-header{ 
            padding: 0.6rem 4.1rem;
            width: 3.6rem;
            height: 3.6rem;
            box-sizing: border-box; 
            .img{
                width: 100%;
                height: 100%;
            }
            div{
                width: 100%;
                height: 100%;
                background: #000;
            }
        } 
        .modal-body{
            width: 100%;
            height: 0.48rem;
            padding: 0rem 1.6rem;
            margin-bottom: 0.8rem;
            box-sizing: border-box;
            display: flex;
            justify-content: space-between; 
            align-items: center; 
            li{
                width: 2rem;
                height: 0.04rem;
                background: #eeeee5;
            }
        }
        .modal-content{
            width: 100%;
            // height: 0.6rem;
            margin-bottom: 0.8rem;
            text-align: center;
            color: #34304B;
            span{
                color: #32B8B9;
                i{
                    color: #4F4F4F;
                }
            }
        }
        ul{
            li{
                width: 100%;
                height: 1.52rem;
                line-height: 1.52rem;
                text-align: center;
                color: #fff;
                font-size: 0.56rem;
                letter-spacing: 0.4rem;
            }
            .confirm{
                display: flex;
                div:nth-child(1){
                    flex: 1;
                    background: #DEDEDE;
                    color: #BCBBBF;
                }
                div:nth-child(2){
                    flex: 1;
                    color: #fff;
                }
            }
        }
        .blueBackground{
            background: #21A6DF;
        }
        .redBackground{
            background: #FF4046;
        }
    } 
}
/* 动画 */
.modal-fade-enter,.modal-fade-leave-active{
    opacity: 0;
}
.modal-fade-enter-active, .modal-fade-leave-active{
    transition: opacity 0.5s ease;
}
</style>

新建一个index.js文件,在其中全局引入组件,全局引入之后,就不用在每个调用的组件里面单独引入了,可以直接使用

import Modalfrom "./Modal.vue";
const components = {
    install: function (Vue) {
        Vue.component('Modal', Modal);
    }
}
//导出组件
export default components;

Index.vue中调用

<template>
    <div class="index">
<!-- 提交成功模态框 -->
        <Modal
            ref="Modal"
            :imgadress="imgadress"
            v-show="isModalVisible"
            statusText="提交成功"
            @closeModal="closeModal"
            contentText="Index.vue"
            :IDList="IDList"
            :buttonBackground="red"
            sure="确定"
            @confirm="confirm"
        >
            <!-- :payMoney="payMoney"
            yuan="元" -->
        </Modal>
        <button @click="showModel">支付成功模态框</button>

    </div>
</template>
<script>
export default {
    name: 'Index',
    data(){
        return{
            // 模态框
            imgadress:require('./../../assets/img/success.png'),
            isModalVisible:false,
            show: false,
            showToast: false,
            thisIndex:0,
            green:'green',
            blue:'',
            red:'',
            IDList:[
                {payMoney:23456,yuan:'、'},
                {payMoney:23456,yuan:'、'},
                {payMoney:23456,yuan:'、'},
                {payMoney:23456,yuan:'、'},
                {payMoney:23456,yuan:'、'},
                {payMoney:23456,yuan:'、'},
                {payMoney:23456,yuan:'、'},
            ],
            payMoney:99,
        }
    },
    methods:{
        // 提示模态框
        showModel(){
            this.isModalVisible = true;
            this.blue = this.$refs.Model.blue
            this.red = this.$refs.Model.red
            
        },
        closeModal(){
            this.isModalVisible = false
        },
        confirm(){
            console.log(11111111111);
        },
    }
}
</script>

效果如图


模态框-1.gif

如果只需要一个确定按钮,只需要在调用的时候,这么写就好了

<template>
    <div class="index">
<!-- 提交成功模态框 -->
        <Modal
            ref="Modal"
            :imgadress="imgadress"
            v-show="isModalVisible"
            statusText="提交成功"
            @closeModal="closeModal"
            contentText="Index.vue"
            :IDList="IDList"
            :buttonBackground="blue"
            @button="closeModal"
            sure="确定"
            alert="1"
        >
        </Modal>
        <button @click="showModel">支付成功模态框</button>

    </div>
</template>

如图


模态框-2.gif

可能并不是特别完美,如果您发现有缺点,还请不吝赐教!